ADI Part 2 Manoeuvres – Right Reverse
This manoeuvre has fallen out of favour recently for learner tests, and seems to be quite a rare requirement to obtain a full licence
There are various theories as to why this may be, but it is of no concern to trainee instructors, as you will almost certainly be asked to perform this exercise on your part 2 test. You may also be asked to teach the SE this manoeuvre on your Part 3 test, as contrary to popular belief PST 4 is simply a reverse exercise, and can be done to either the left or the right
As with the left reverse, you’ll be expected to carry out this manoeuvres under sometimes fairly complex and difficult circumstances. The junction may be tight, there may be an incline or a decline, and the main road you are reversing from may be quite busy. As you’ll realise, a great deal of skill and co-ordination could be called for.
Get plenty of practice at this manoeuvre with your trainer, you must ensure that you are fully prepared.
Also, consider the vehicle that you’ll be driving, and think about whether to set the gas or allow the engine to do the work.
There is little point in providing a full tutorial on the manoeuvres, as your trainer will explain it to you in detail, but we will take a look at some of the very common pitfalls and dangers for the unwary.
Dangers And Pitfalls
The first pitfall with this manoeuvre is one of observation. Again, as with the left reverse, the SE will have chosen the junction for you to reverse into, so you won’t have to worry about selecting a location that is safe, legal and convenient. What you must do, however, is to move off properly to pass the chosen junction, and then to take effective observations into the junction to see if there are any obstacles or hazards to prevent you completing the manoeuvre. You also need to take account of the road camber and any incline. The SE will check to ensure that you take these observations.
You will need to take up a position just to the left of the centre of the road as you pass the junction, as you will need to cross to the offside (right) off the road to carry out the manoeuvre.
You will then pull up with your drivers side near to the pavement on the other side of the road. Remember to use msm to pull up.
A very common error here is encountered when a signal to move across to the other side of the road is needed. If you do need to signal, you must ensure that you signal just after passing the turning point for a right turn into the junction. Otherwise you may cause confusion, as other road users may think that you intend to turn right into the junction, not pull up at the side of the road on the right just passed it. Be careful. The SE will be taking note.
You will then prepare the car to move backwards, using POM, but selecting reverse gear.
Again, as with left reverse, the most common single error committed on this manoeuvre is that you must look back, in the direction you intend to go in, before the wheels of the car turn even one inch.
You would not want to set off forwards while looking back, so don’t set off backwards whilst looking to the front. This is almost always a serious error, as it could potentially be very dangerous.
For the right reverse, I prefer my main observations to be to the rear offside (drivers side), because that is where you intend to go, and it is also where the junction is that a vehicle may appear in at any time. I would also wind the drivers window down to assist with gathering as much information as possible about the road situation behind me. Once on the move, effective all round observations are essential, but I keep my observations mainly to the rear right hand side of the car.
Whilst on the move, do not, under any circumstances, rely solely on the mirrors for your vision to the rear. Again, almost always a serious error. You must actually look to the rear for the majority of the manoeuvre.
Once your car reaches the ‘point of turn’, where you will start to steer around the corner and into the side road, you must take effective observation over your left shoulder and nearside (left) door mirror and ahead of you for oncoming traffic before turning the steering wheel to the slightest degree. This is because, as soon as you start the turn, the front of the car will ‘swing’ out into the carriage way of the major road you are on. It is therefore essential to check that it is safe to do so, before you do so. The word before cannot be emphasised enough. Many thousands of tests have been failed due to this observation fault, as it is almost always regarded as a serious error, particularly on an ADI part 2 test.
Throughout the exercise, you’ll be expected to demonstrate excellent and effective use of the steering wheel, and very good co-ordination of the foot pedals.
The manoeuvre must be completed with you in full and absolute Control, regardless of the incline or how tight or busy the junction may be. If your car is capable, you may find performing the manoeuvre with no gas to be far easier and smoother.
The SE will be watching carefully for any weaknesses in your use of the Controls or in your co-ordination.
You will need to reverse into the junction a little further on this manoeuvre than you would in the left reverse. The reason for this is that you will have to give yourself room to take up a position back on the correct side of the road when you move off, prior to reaching the junction ahead of you.
At the conclusion of the reverse left, the SE will ask you to move off again. As always, make sure you move off using good, effective observations, under full Control.
There is a slight difference here though. You’ll end this manoeuvre as you started it . . . with your drivers side near to the kerb on the opposite side of the road to your normal driving. So, the POM routine is slightly different. In this case, you’ll check over your right shoulder first, then right door mirror, centre mirror and ahead, left shoulder, left door mirror, then look ahead and move without delay.
Spot the difference?
The side of most danger is now to your left, so we check there last, just before moving. Again, you must not delay between observing and moving, and you must consider carefully before applying a signal.
Remember to move quickly, but safely, to the correct side of the road, and take up the correct driving position before Approaching Junctions the junction that you just reversed into. The SE will direct you accordingly.